A look at the history of the Renault motor company
A short article covering the history of Renault and their most significant models.
Renault was established in 1898 by Louis Renault and his brothers. They initially started with the production of compact cars but didn’t begin to use mass production techniques until 1905. These were implemented in order to allow Renault the facilities to produce trucks, ambulances, shells and stretchers during the First World War.
The company’s first commercial production line was created in Billancourt during 1929 but faced financial difficulties due to the economy at the time. This led Renault to nationalisation in 1945 which resulted in the purchase and expansion of manufacturing plants by the company. Throughout the 20s and 30s Renault produced models such as the 6cv, the Monasix, 15cv and the Vivasix. During this period Renault also aimed to branch out into the UK market by producing ‘colonial’ modified versions of their previous models.
During the 1980s the company enjoyed success and experienced a great deal of critical acclaim and company growth. In 1984 Renault launched the Escape which was the first multi-purpose vehicle to be produced in Europe. However, the company didn’t just enjoy success on the commercial market, the Renault 25 and Espace performed well in the professional racing sphere. The company also went on to acquire Nissan which enabled it to produce high quality vehicles such as the Megane and the Laguna and expand its presence on the international market.
In 2009 Renault launched the ‘Renault Commitment’ which is a programme that aims to position the company as Europe’s most profitable car maker. Recently the company have been working on eco-technologies that mean vehicles could run on alternative energies. These include the research and development of biofuels, hybrid vehicles and the use of innovative fossil energy.